Canlit Clinic
Kitgum Municipality, Uganda
(Rev. Canlit Memorial Medical Clinic)
Phone / Whatsapp: +256783096734

HIV testing and counselling (HTC)

The HIV testing and counselling is a package service intended to know the HIV status. HIV-negative individuals should be provided with information and material that help to remain HIV negative. HIV-positive individuals should be informed of their options and advised and referred for further care, treatment and support services as needed.

Researchers conclude that any unprotected sex reported by a study participant counts as an exposure to HIV. Several studies have aimed to estimate the average risk of HIV transmission from a specific type of unprotected sex, for example, vaginal, anal, oral; insertive, receptive.

A person may have trouble remembering their sexual behaviour or may not want to tell the whole truth, this reporting is often inaccurate. Furthermore, a person does not always know the HIV status of their partner(s).

Be open with your partners and ask them to tell you their HIV status. But keep in mind that your partners may not know, may be wrong, or may not tell you about their status. Consider getting tested together so you can both know your HIV status and take steps to keep yourselves healthy.

If you get an HIV test after a potential HIV exposure and the result is negative, get tested again after the window period for the test you took.

A negative result doesnít necessarily mean that you donít have HIV. Thatís because of the window period - the time between HIV exposure and when a test can detect HIV in your body.

A negative result doesnít necessarily mean that you donít have HIV.

A rapid antigen/antibody test done with blood from a finger stick can usually detect HIV 18 to 90 days after exposure. An antigen/antibody lab test using blood from a vein can usually detect HIV 18 to 45 days after exposure. A nucleic acid test (NAT) can usually detect HIV 10 to 33 days after exposure.

HIV testing and counselling (HTC) is a package service intended to allow people to make informed decisions regarding knowledge of their HIV status and the implications of those decisions. Service providers working in HIV prevention are often asked by their patients and clients about the risk of HIV transmission from an exposure to HIV through sex.

What does a negative HIV test result mean?

A negative result doesnít necessarily mean that you donít have HIV. Thatís because of the window period - the time between HIV exposure and when a test can detect HIV in your body.

If youíre sexually active or use needles to inject drugs, continue to take actions to prevent HIV, like taking medicines to prevent HIV.

Be open with your partners and ask them to tell you their HIV status. But keep in mind that your partners may not know, may be wrong, or may not tell you about their status. Consider getting tested together so you can both know your HIV status and take steps to keep yourselves healthy.

What does a positive HIV result mean?

If you use any type of antibody test and have a positive result, you will need a follow-up test to confirm your results.

If the follow-up test is also positive, it means you have HIV.

What should I do if I just got diagnosed with HIV?

Receiving an HIV diagnosis can be life changing. You may feel many emotions - sadness, hopelessness, or anger. Allied health care providers and social service providers can help you work through the early stages of your diagnosis. They can also help you find HIV care and treatment that will help you live a long, healthy life.

HIV treatment (antiretroviral therapy or ART) is recommended for all people with HIV, regardless of how long theyíve had the virus or how healthy they are.

HIV treatment can make the amount of HIV in the blood (viral load) so low that a test can't detect it (undetectable viral load). Getting and keeping an undetectable viral load is the best way to stay healthy and protect others.

If I test positive for HIV, does that mean I have AIDS?

No. Testing positive for HIV does not mean you have AIDS.

AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV disease (Stage 3). HIV can lead to AIDS if a person with HIV does not get treatment or take care of their health. But if someone with HIV takes their HIV treatment as prescribed, they can live long, healthy lives, and may never develop AIDS.

Importance of HTC

For individuals. It allows people to make informed choices about their future practices and behaviours. It enhances their ability to reduce their risk of acquiring or transmitting the infection to others; it helps them cope with their HIV sero-status; and it is a gateway to prevention, care, treatment and support.

For communities. More people knowing and understanding the implications of their sero-status within a certain community can result in raising community awareness, in reduction of stigma, discrimination and denial and in mobilizing collective action.

For populations. It can feed into better understanding of epidemic trends and drivers, and hence, results in better planning and response.


Canlit Clinic
(Rev. Canlit Memorial Medical Clinic)
Kitgum Municipality, Uganda
Last modified on Wednesday, 22-Feb-2023 00:17:47 CET
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