Canlit Clinic
Kitgum Municipality, Uganda
(Rev. Canlit Memorial Medical Clinic)
Phone / Whatsapp: +256783096734

Helicobacter pylori test (H. pylori)

The Helicobacter pylori bacteria are usually passed hrough contaminated food or water or from person to person through direct contact with saliva, vomit or stool.

H. pylori is common. Many people have it. Most people who have it wonít get ulcers or show any symptoms. But it is a main cause of ulcers.

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection occurs when H. pylori bacteria infect your stomach. This usually happens during childhood. A common cause of stomach ulcers (peptic ulcers), H. pylori infection may be present in more than half the people in the world.

Most people don't realize they have H. pylori infection because they never get sick from it. If you develop signs and symptoms of a peptic ulcer, your health care provider will probably test you for H. pylori infection. A peptic ulcer is a sore on the lining of the stomach (gastric ulcer) or the first part of the small intestine (duodenal ulcer).

Helicobacter pylori bacteria infects the digestive system

The Helicobacter pylori bacteria infects the digestive system. Many people with H. pylori will never have symptoms of infection. But for others, the bacteria can cause a variety of digestive disorders as gastritis (inflammation of the stomach), peptic ulcers (sores in the stomach, small intestine, or esophagus), and certain types of stomach cancer.

H. pylori (Heliobacter pylori, pronounced Hel-ee-koh-BAK-ter Pie-LORE-ee) is a type of bacteria that infects your stomach.

It can damage the tissue in your stomach and the first part of your small intestine (the duodenum). This can cause redness and soreness (inflammation). In some cases it can also cause painful sores called peptic ulcers in your upper digestive tract.

H. pylori attacks the lining that protects your stomach. The bacteria makes an enzyme called urease. This enzyme makes your stomach acids less acidic (neutralizes them). This weakens your stomachís lining.

Your stomach cells then have greater risk of being hurt by acid and pepsin, strong digestive fluids. That can lead to sores or ulcers in your stomach or duodenum.

The H. pylori bacteria can also stick to stomach cells. Your stomach canít protect itself very well. The area gets red and swollen (inflamed).

What are the symptoms of H. pylori?

Most people have the bacteria for years without knowing it because they donít have any symptoms. Experts donít know why. You may have redness and swelling (inflammation) in your stomach lining. This is called gastritis.

You may get sores or peptic ulcers in your stomach or the first part of your small intestine (duodenum). Ulcer symptoms may include belly or abdominal pain, which can:

Other symptoms of an ulcer may include:

The symptoms of ulcers may look like other health problems. Always see your healthcare provider to be sure.

What can I do to prevent H. pylori?

Health experts donít know for sure how the bacteria passes from person to person. But having good health habits (hygiene) can help keep you safe. These habits include:

Once you know for sure that you have H. pylori, follow up with your healthcare provider. He or she will do some tests to make sure the bacteria has been removed.


Canlit Clinic
(Rev. Canlit Memorial Medical Clinic)
Kitgum Municipality, Uganda
Last modified on Wednesday, 22-Feb-2023 06:23:02 CET
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